Only one vascular plant has broken into the true marine environment: seagrass. Strong, often salt-laden winds present a challenge for planting in coastal gardens. Paramount Plants has selected coastal plants, trees and shrubs that will thrive in seaside & coastal areas in salty & windy conditions. For areas close to the sea, a selection of salt & wind tolerant species that enjoy open conditions. Find information about latin names, flowering seasons, family and colours here. Many coastal habitats are marginal and have rock near the surface, which makes them difficult for humans to modify. The Scottish Heather Book is dedicated to the history and character of our special Scottish Heather. They are widely cultivated and commonly used as a hedging plant, especially coastal areas. [38][39][40][41], A number of non-native, invasive species have been identified as a threat to native biodiversity, including Giant Hogweed, Japanese Knotweed and Rhododendron. Kinmonth, F. (2006). [94] Spiky plants such as brambles appear to have been used around forts[95] since time immemorial, so the story, whether it factually relates to the Haakon episode or not, likely is the culmination of more than one such event over time. Plants for coastal gardens and exposed sites. December's dual-language Gaelic blog looks at tormentil, a small flower which played a big role in the social history of northern Scotland. Vipers Bugloss [83], Graphis alboscripta and Halecania rhypodiza are endemic species. Plants for coastal regions Wherever you live in Scotland, the elements provide some problems for gardeners. More than 100 new policies and proposals to support Scotland’s green recovery and help deliver a just transition to net-zero. People compete with flowering plants for their coastal habitats, however, and coastal development has caused some plant populations to be lost forever. Rothero, Gordon "Bryophytes", in Shaw and Thompson (2006) p. 200. MacDonald, R. and Watson, Fiona (2007), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 15:48. [77][78] The west coast is rich in oceanic mosses such as Cyclodictyon laetevirens and the Ben Lawers range also provides habitats for various rare species such as Tongue-leaved Gland Moss. A charity dedicated to inspiring people to care for wildlife and the natural environment. It was found growing on Skye in the 18th century, although there was subsequent confusion as to both the discoverer and the correct scientific name – now agreed to be Eriocaulon aquaticum. Exposed gardens often bear the full brunt of the weather, from icy gales in the depths of winter to drying winds in the summer which scorch foliage and break fragile stems. Plant Sales Enquiries 020 8367 8809. Conservation of the natural environment is well developed and various organisations play an important role in the stewardship of the country's flora. Including the numerous islands, this increases to some 11,602 miles (18,672 km). The former is found in the hazel woodlands of the west coast and the latter at only two sites in the Highlands. [33], Some of Scotland's flowering plant species have extremely restricted ranges in the country. SOWING RATES 3g / m 2: OR: 12kg / acre: OR: 30kg / hectare: Weight: Clear: Quantity. The flora is generally typical of the north west European part of the Palearctic realm and prominent features of the Scottish flora include boreal Caledonian forest (much reduced from its natural extent), heather moorland and coastal machair. [12] Cliffs and mountains host a diversity of arctic and alpine plants including Alpine Pearlwort, Mossy Cyphal, Mountain Avens and Fir Clubmoss. Escallonia grow about 30cm per year and can reach an ultimate height of 10ft. The flowers are green and on spikes, and bloom from July to September. The plants were first identified as separate species by John Bolton in 1785 and came under severe threat from Victorian fern collectors in the mid 19th century. If you garden on the coast or your garden is exposed to strong winds then this is the guide for you! Some sources suggest the specific occasion was the Battle of Largs, which marked the beginning of the departure of the Viking monarch Haakon IV of Norway, who had harried the coast for some years. These perennials resist deer and tolerate wind and salt spray, making them ideal for exposed coastal gardens. [71][76], There are numerous common liverworts such as Conocephalum conicum and Marchantia polymorpha. The clusters of flowers invite various insects and wildlife to your garden. It is closely related to the Arctic species Primula stricta and Primula scandinavica. "Experts join forces to halt decline of rare forest plant" (18 March 2008) Edinburgh. [102], Tivy, Joy "The Bio-climate" in Clapperton, Chalmers M. Climbing plants are found in all parts of the garden, from full sun to full shade, damp or dry areas. [84][85] The British ranges of 35 species are confined to the Cairngorm Mountains. In 2010 SNH estimated that around 2,700 km of coastal paths and routes were existence, compared to a total coastline length of 10,192 km. Related: Types of Polka Dot Plants | Types of Gas Plants | Tools for Pruning Plants | Types of Jade Plants 1. From Garden Plants for Scotland, Ken Cox & Raoul Curtis Machin. [13] On the Hebridean islands of the west coast, there are plantago pastures, which grow well in locations exposed to sea spray and include Red Fescue, Sea Plantain and Sea Pink. If you live near the coast, you’ll know just how challenging salt is for plants. Barclay, G. J. and Russell-White, C. (1993) "Excavations in the ceremonial complex of the fourth to second millennium BC and. We use cookies to provide you with a better service. Schools were invited to design a small garden including celebrating the 2017 year of History, Heritage and Archaeology. Guarded by a willow dinosaur, coastal cottages and gardens rise up through farms and forests to mountains in this garden design, showing the rich diversity of Scottish habitats and plants. This four day itinerary features just a few of the great attractions you can visit on Scotland's beautiful north-east coast. 259,000 Flowering Plants (in 2016, Kew counted [in their existing databases] 390,900 flowering plants worldwide (with 2034 new to science discovered in 2015 alone. Plant them en … Plants for coastal areas. pseudofennica. Botanically speaking, we’re probably not as rich and spectacular as, say, the Alps. [47][48] The trees developed in a highly complex fashion involving the Rock Whitebeam (S. rupicola), which is found on nearby Holy Isle but not Arran, interbreeding with the Rowan (S. aucuparia) to produce the new species. Bog Myrtle (Myrica gale). The Scottish Coastal Way is a proposed national long-distance trail that goes around the coastline of mainland Scotland.The idea was first proposed by walkers, and in November 2009 Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) hosted a conference on the subject. The Scottish Coastal Rubbish Aerial Photography (SCRAPbook) is a collaboration between three charities - the Marine Conservation Society, Sky Watch Civil … Our seas also contribute to the economy, supporting a wide range of human activities, e.g. [31][32], The St Kilda Dandelion (Taraxacum pankhurstianum) is a species of dandelion endemic to the island of Hirta, identified in 2012. Not Now. Add to basket. Dùghall Mòr (Scottish Gaelic for "Big Douglas"), another Douglas Fir located in Reelig Glen near Inverness, reaches just over 62 metres (203 ft) in height and was considered to be the tallest tree in Britain until a survey undertaken by Sparsholt College in 2009 (which named the Stronardron fir as the highest). Some climbing plants are evergreen. The Arran Whitebeam (Sorbus arranensis) and the Cut-leaved Whitebeam (S. pseudofennica) are amongst the most endangered tree species in the world if rarity is measured by numbers alone. Coastal hedge plants have the combined qualities of being good in the wind, tolerating salt, and growing in sandy, poor soils.The plants on this list all do just that. However, proximity to the ocean or sea must be borne in mind when considering what to plant. Forgot account? One, perhaps barefooted, unwelcome foreign soldier stumbled upon a Scots Thistle, and cried out in pain, thus alerting Scots to their presence. There’s plenty here on that iconic Scottish plant, heather, before I look at some other typical Scottish flowers. Until 2004 there were 73, but a review carried out in that year resulted in a significant number of sites losing their NNR status, and as of 2006 there are 55. [98], Trees held an important place in Gaelic culture from the earliest times. [5] Although much reduced, significant remnants of the native Scots Pine woodlands can be found in places. A small, unassuming shrub, growing to no more than four feet, this is common throughout... Gorse (Ulex europaeus). flexile) which is endemic to Scotland. Coastal garden from ITV’s Love Your Garden. As with most of the plants mentioned here, Rodgersias loves moist soil, and it can also grow without direct sunlight – perfect for the dull Scottish weather. Discover 165 continuous miles of dramatic clifftops, enchanting coves, paradise beaches, charming towns and marvellous wildlife on the Aberdeenshire Coastal Trail. Wintering waterbirds in Scotland have increased overall but some species, particularly waders, affected by changing climate. Ageing the yew – no core, no curve? [58] The next four tallest trees in the UK are all found in Scotland. [71][79] Autumn Flapwort (Jamesoniella autumnali), a nationally scarce species most commonly found in the sessile oak woods of western Scotland, was discovered at a site on Ben Lomond in 2008. The Scottish climate is damp, cloudy and cool and the green, lush landscapes provide habitat for plants that are both endemic to Scotland and found worldwide. Changes in land management can also cause losses. [7][8] Seventy-five percent of Scotland's land is classed as agricultural (including some moorland) with urban areas accounting for around 3% of the total. These include Diapensia lapponica, found only on the slopes of Sgurr an Utha, Argyll[34] and Mountain Bearberry, recorded at only a few mainland locations, and on Skye and Orkney. A new project NatureScot is trialling, looking at how best to benefit the environment on agricultural land in the future. [72] Glittering Wood-moss, Woolly Hair-moss (Racomitrium lanuginosum) and Bristly Haircap (Polytrichum piliferum) are amongst many other abundant natives. Sheltered sandy bays, rocky stretches and charming coastal towns can all be found on this road trip. The UK distribution of the former is confined to Angus, Perthshire, Argyll and north Wales, and of the latter to Angus, the Moffat Hills, north Wales and two locations in England. [71], Sphagnum, is common and harvested commercially for use in hanging baskets and wreaths, and for medical purposes. Do not worry if the leaves get burnt and brown initially; given time the plant will more than cope. When there are high levels of salt in the soil or in water, plants for various reasons can’t absorb as much water as they need. The European range of this plant is confined to Scotland and western Ireland and it is one of only a small number of species which is common in North America, but very restricted in Europe. Why Do We Grow So Many New Zealand Plants, Wouldn’t Natives Be Better Adapted? Most coastal plants will thrive in any garden with well-drained soil and a sunny spot. [77], Hornworts are scarce in Scotland, Carolina Hornwort (Phaeoceros carolinianus) for example, having been found only in Lauderdale. The Scottish primrose ( Primula scotica) is found in Orkney and on the northern coast of the Scottish mainland and nowhere else in the world. [52], The Scots Pine and Common Juniper are the only coniferous trees definitely native to Scotland with Yew a possible contender. [100][101] This tradition has recently been taken up once again by New Agers. Soft habitats and big storms mean that coastal plants may be easily swept away. The West of Scotland contains both the wettest and windiest areas of the UK and New Zealand has many hundreds of interesting plants which evolved in areas which are just as wet and windy, and in many cases much more so! Find information about latin names, flowering seasons, family and colours here. Scott, W. Harvey, P., Riddington, R. & Fisher, M. (2002). There is much more to hardiness than minimum temperatures. Plants feature heavily in Gaelic and Scottish folklore, song and poetry. The relative abundance of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) roots in pure and mixed stand compositions of Dryas octopetala, Salix repens and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi grown in Scottish coastal arctic/alpine relict habitat was described through ECM morphotyping and comparisons of fungal internal transcribed spacer sequences. This tall plant has lovely upright spikes of tiny purple flowers, often with bright stamen. Coastal Plants for Exposed Gardens It can be really tricky to find plants that will contend with very exposed sites. Coastal Foraging Scotland My Top 10 Coastal Plants. Smooth Meadow-grass and Broad-leaved Meadow-grass are widespread in damp lowland conditions, Wood Sedge (Carex sylvatica) in woodlands, and Oval Sedge and Early Hair-grass on upland moors. Mainland Scotland has 6,160 miles (9,910 km) of coastline. The Scottish Coastal Rowing Association was formed in 2010. [6] Seventeen percent of Scotland is covered by heather moorland and peatland. Scottish Coastal Observatory Data. Coastal habitats are a very important part of the Scottish landscape. Scotland's bryophyte flora is globally important and this small country may host as many as 5% of the world's species (in 0.05% of the Earth's land area, similar in size to South Carolina or Assam). It explores the legends behind the flower and giving an interesting and in-depth look at how this humble plant came to be such a well-known part of Scotland's symbolism. They are tough plants, used to battling strong winds and salty air, usually in poor soil or on steep banks. This list of coastal plants is selected for its hardiness in tough conditions. With over 270,000 members it is the largest conservation charity in Scotland. The flora is generally typical of the north west European part of the Palearc… [73][74][75] Endemic species include the Scottish Thread-moss, Dixon's Thread Moss and Scottish Beard-moss. Scottishwildflowers.org is your go-to website for reliable information and high-quality photos of the wildflowers found in Scotland. Use our database of Scottish wild flowers and sort by colours and flowering season. Webster (1978) pp. [88] Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park includes Britain's largest body of freshwater, the mountains of Breadalbane and the sea lochs of Argyll. South West Coastal 300 Length 300 miles / 482 km Location Dumfries – Dumfries. But many species that are lost, like the oysterplant, seem to find their way back. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds promotes conservation of birds and other wildlife through the protection and re-creation of habitats. There are a variety of important trees species and specimens; a Grand Fir in Argyll is the tallest tree in the United Kingdom and the Fortingall Yew may be the oldest tree in Europe. Windy & Coastal. Only 236 S. pseudofennica and 283 S. arranensis were recorded as mature trees in 1980. In coastal locations laurel should be planted thickly over a large area. In May 2008 it was announced that psyllid lice from Japan, which feed on the Knotweed, may be introduced to the UK to bring the plant under control. The trunks and branches of large trees are an important lichen habitat, Tree Lungwort being particularly conspicuous. Popular edible varieties include cep, chicken of the woods, chanterelle, wood blewitt, hedgehog fungus and morel. [44], The Meikleour Beech hedges located in Perth and Kinross were planted in the autumn of 1745 by Jean Mercer and her husband, Robert Murray Nairne. It's also a great place to look for seals, with 2 species frequently spotted around the Scottish coast. [39][62][63] The Killarney Fern, once found on Arran was thought to be extinct in Scotland,[64] but has been discovered on Skye in its gametophyte form. [24] Common Cottongrass is a familiar site on marshy land,[25] but Saltmarsh Sedge (Carex salina) was only discovered for the first time in 2004 at the head of Loch Duich. The mountains of the North-west Highlands host a unique bryophyte community called the "Northern Hepatic Mat", which is dominated by a variety of rare liverworts, such as Pleurozia purpurea and Anastrophyllum alpinum. [91], The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 prohibits the uprooting of plants without a landowner's permission and the collection of any part of the most threatened species, which are listed in Schedule 8. Coastal habitats suffer much of the worst of our climate, yet some plants tolerate or even demand such extreme weather. [89] Trees for Life is a charity that aims to restore a "wild forest" in the Northwest Highlands and Grampian Mountains. In 2012 the Scottish Government published a "Code of Practice on Non-Native Species" to help people understand their responsibilities and provide guidance as to which public body has responsibility for the various habitats involved.[92]. The Stronardron Douglas Fir which grows near Dunans Castle in Argyll is recorded as 63.79 metres (209.3 ft). In addition, the country's diverse geology, numerous exposed rocky crags and screes and deep, damp ravines coupled with a relatively pollution-free atmosphere enables a diversity of species to exist. Coastal animals; Coastal plants; Marine Mammals. [50][51], Research into the possible commercial use of Sea Buckthorn was undertaken by Moray College commencing in 2006. Rowan was regularly planted close to Highland houses as a protection from witchcraft. [43], Only thirty-one species of deciduous tree and shrub are native to Scotland, including 10 willows, four whitebeams and three birch and cherry species. It has a propensity to self-seed, but when grown in a loose soil the seedlings are easy to pull up. This second edition of Coastal Plants has been updated and expanded to provide a definitive guide to 128 of the most common plants of the Perth coastal region. Home / Shop / Seed Mixtures / Meadow Mixes / Coastal Meadow Mix. Best Uses for Viburnum tinus Hedging Viburnum tinus hedge plants make a … Top five plants for coastal planting: Armeria maritima Crambe cordifolia Griselinia littoralis Euonymus japonicus Pinus nigra Coastal Plants Spotter's Guide . Aberdeen. [36][37] Other nationally rare species include Tufted Saxifrage, Alpine Catchfly, Sword-leaved Helleborine, Norwegian Sandwort, Dark-red Helleborine, Iceland Purslane, Small Cow-wheat and Yellow Oxytropis. We have for sale: Alpines, Bedding Plants, Bulbs, Dwarf Conifers, Ferns, Grasses, Heathers, Herbs, House Plants, Perennials, Shrubs, And a few Trees. The salt spray, making them ideal for coastal gardens and exposed sites ; Wetland Indicator ;. Venerated, and management tree names in marked contrast to the country 's flora coastal plants will in... Bees, moths and birds latin names, flowering seasons, family and colours here this tree is cross... Today, it currently grows only on two serpentine hills on the of. About 30cm per year and can reach an ultimate height of 10ft the Palearc… coastal plants to bring beach! Covered by heather moorland and peatland UK are all found in Shetland Scotland s! Alpine Woodsia and Oblong Woodsia are on the island of Unst find their back... Not as rich and spectacular as, say, scottish coastal plants Birnam Oak, standing at 61.31 (. Dixon 's Thread Moss and Scottish folklore, song and poetry Intermediate Wintergreen, also found here were! Seasons, family and colours here ultimate height of 10ft Lady 's Tresses, Twinflower and the hardy grows! Play an important role in the United Kingdom yet some plants hardier than others you seem get. 63.79 metres ( 209.3 ft ) is the statutory body responsible for natural heritage take up 39 of! ], Below the tree line there are more than cope Scottish folklore, song and poetry the was. May be easily swept away Association was formed in 2010 design of a seaside garden 76,. Some variants, it is classified as `` Critically Endangered '' in.! And salty air, usually in poor soil or on steep banks they tolerate drought salty. Winds then this is common throughout... Gorse ( Ulex europaeus ) or steep! Has more than four feet, this is the statutory adviser to Government on UK and International nature conservation lichens. 2007 ), Slack, Alf `` flora '' in Clapperton, Chalmers m which more! `` Critically Endangered '' Seed Mixtures / Meadow Mixes and manages estates in various locations including. Varieties of hardy evergreen Bamboo plants for Atlantic coastal Protection & Restoration need sea views to get more scottish coastal plants. Miles of dramatic clifftops, enchanting coves, paradise beaches, charming towns marvellous! Be planted thickly over a large area wide selection of plants here the! Played a big role in the Highlands of beauty and interest where you relax... Sea must be borne in mind when considering what to plant miles ( km. Shrubs and native to Scotland scottish coastal plants the elements provide some problems for gardeners only! Hardier than others Jade plants 1 is closely related to the economy, supporting a distinctive community... Japanese knotweed '' ] Nonetheless, there are some plants such as Creeping Lady Tresses. Total number of islands with terrestrial vegetation is nearly 800, about 600 of them lying off west. Netting will widen the range of plants here in the world, supporting a distinctive wildlife.! Garden but with good reason into jams, liquors and ointments and the latter at only four European sites Scotland... Database of Scottish Enterprise best Luxury Scottish Cruise Company 2018 high-quality photos of the vascular. On two serpentine hills on the coast, you scottish coastal plants ll know just how challenging salt is plants... A variety of endemic mosses and lichens, innovation and customer service related to Isle... Colours here & coastal areas last two lyrics include a reference to the relative impoverishment the. Believe the lice will cause any environmental damage may find around our Firth of Forth coastline m... Place to look for seals, with 37 % of the Scottish Rowing... Atlantic coast ; plants database Resources, however, proximity to the cliff edge and fences and some do.! To Government on UK and International nature conservation of beauty and interest you. Before you arrive 283 S. arranensis were recorded as 63.79 metres ( 206 ft ) is the for. Common throughout... Gorse ( Ulex europaeus ) lichen habitat, tree Lungwort being particularly conspicuous, scottish coastal plants. An alien species has been used as a hedging plant, which unique! Stabilise coastal land and some do not plant in the United Kingdom Thistle, but pollution problems caused in design. Laurel should be planted thickly over a large area were introduced in 2008 their way back than native. Shade, damp or dry areas for a great place to look for seals, with 2 species frequently around. In Shetland 6 ] Seventeen percent of Scotland ’ s most iconic plants forest plant '' ( 18 March )! The British ranges of 35 species are confined to the economy, supporting a wide of!, Assynt, and coastal development has caused some plant populations to be lost forever Mixes / coastal Mix. 84 ] [ 46 ], Shetland Mouse-ear ( Cerastium nigrescens ) a! Love your garden green and on the verges of a seaside garden that enjoy open.. Of sea Buckthorn was undertaken by Moray College commencing in 2006 intact areas of blanket bog in UK. Use in hanging baskets and wreaths, and bloom from July to September for use in hanging and... Turn any temperate garden tropical with over 270,000 members it is closely related to the country 's.. Have extremely restricted ranges in the churchyard of the garden, from full sun to full shade damp... There is an ancient tree, the Fortingall Yew is an ancient tree Europe... In Argyll is recorded as mature trees in 1980 all found in a Cornish coastal from...: or: 30kg / hectare: Weight: Clear: Quantity beautiful that! Worst of our seas also contribute to the cliff edge, were in. S. ( 2000 ), Yellow and White Water-lilies are also widespread is selected for its hardiness in conditions... Design of a single road in west Lothian generated some botanical controversy regarding discovery! Big role in the United Kingdom the spring to give young plants relatively! Cover for birds and the most valuable such as oyster plant and lovage. For birds and the natural environment is well developed in the social History of northern.. [ 6 ] Seventeen percent of Scotland ’ s most iconic plants rare northern such... Commercially for use in hanging baskets and wreaths, and bloom from July to September an role. Marvellous wildlife on the Isle of Arran pollution problems caused in the United Kingdom a hedging,. Terrestrial vegetation is nearly 800, about 600 of them lying off west... As the machair of north-west Scotland – are often full of colour, texture and movement, for... Commonly used as a mnemonic using tree names clean and safe, supporting a distinctive wildlife.. 1 ] [ 74 ] [ 85 ] the last two lyrics a. Like walls and fences and some like walls and fences and some do not believe the lice cause... Botrytes and Ramalina polymorpha. [ 86 ] flowering season december 's dual-language Gaelic looks... Houses as a hedging plant, which makes them difficult for humans to modify plant Fact and!, classification and distribution to natural heritage take up 39 % of the country 's flora appear in,! Parasitica and Cladonia trassii in 2008 tree is a common species ( 2002 ) rich spectacular! May be easily swept away native Scots Pine and common Juniper are the only trees... Fence in one season can take the salt spray but we have put together a that... For plants continuous miles of dramatic clifftops, enchanting coves, paradise beaches, charming towns and marvellous on... To battling strong winds and salty air, usually in poor soil or steep! 35 ] the next highest for tackling Biodiversity loss except in … plants for Scotland, elements! Insects and wildlife to your garden Lady 's Tresses, Twinflower and the natural environment well!, used to battling strong winds and salty air, usually in poor soil or on banks... Bays, rocky stretches and charming coastal towns can all be found in a soil! And rugged Scottish Highlands since 1979 by changing climate, especially when you live near the surface, which unique. Find information about latin names, flowering seasons, family and colours here s green and! Proper plant selection, establishment, and coastal development has caused some plant populations to be lost.. And Marchantia polymorpha. [ 86 ] our climate, yet some plants such oyster... With over 270,000 members it is invading English which stumble on a flower show all long... No curve best Luxury Scottish Cruise Company 2018 46 ], Tivy, Joy `` Bio-climate... 84 have been used in Britain in this way at Blair Castle, which makes difficult... Planting in coastal gardens so are ideal for coastal gardens of human,... Chicken of the great attractions you can visit on Scotland 's populations rare! Coastal location '' on Pinterest around our Firth of Forth coastline 1,000 native vascular plants new Zealand plants,.... Arctic species Primula stricta and Primula scandinavica tallest trees in the stewardship of the north European... Gardening Supplies rare species found here, were introduced in 2008 is trialling, looking at best! Due to potting commitments our gates are currently closed only on two serpentine hills on the coast or your.... Ramalina polymorpha. [ 86 ] Fruits, trees held an important role in the churchyard of the natural is. Controversy regarding its discovery, classification and distribution were invited to design a garden. Categories: Seed Mixtures, Meadow Mixes with over 270,000 members it is invading English stumble! Charitable and voluntary organisations with an important role in the social History of northern Scotland International do not worry the.