Since English is the dominant language, it plays a highly critical role in determining the future of Pakistani students (Aftab, 2011;Channa, 2014Channa, , 2015Channa, , 2017Mahboob, 2002;Panezai & Channa, 2017). The education systems in place in Pakistan are mainly framed within a didactic approach to teaching and learning, which addresses certain areas of education but does not teach the child as a whole. In R. Baumgardner (Ed. The paper reports on a qualitative case study in critical research paradigm, aimed to investigate the notion of student voices and how they are submerged by the power and hegemony in research consultations. Rather, it is now also being acknowledged that language use is inherently political, so that the language that gets official recognition in the classroom is invariably the language of the powerful elite, or the dominant societal language, or in the case of post-colonial contexts the language of the colonisers. The position and status of English in Pakistan. Hoodbhoy, P. (1998). Elite English medium schools are expensive and not affordable to the masses, while other schools cater for the education of the middle and lower class children. This article highlights key concepts that students, and English/literacy teachers, would need to know in the area of writing. Therefore, the current study posits that the selection of ESL teachers must also be determined with the levels of their proficiency in English. The findings of this study have implications for EFL classroom participation in the target language and offer an insight for the policy and planning for the use of English language in an EFL context. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations. The problems faced by the students in understanding texts written in English are particularly highlighted, and implications drawn for the successful implementation of extensive reading programs in rural and urban schools. Mansoor, S. (1993). Without the necessary English language skills, language can become another barrier to learning. 97 -116). The Cronbach alpha α value for the Urdu FCV-19S displayed good internal reliability at .846. (pp. The national language Bangla (Bengali), which is spoken by 98% of the people, is foundational to the nation of Bangladesh as a nation. They come due to the force of their parents. Mostly Pakistani students want to go to foreign countries to study higher education. The focus was evaluated through the indirect evidence of its effects on students’ critical thinking attitude by using Paul's intellectual traits model. Findings of regression analysis depict that overall teachers’ self-efficacy has affected 65 % whereas students’ engagement 59 %, educational strategies 60 %, classroom management 59 % and teachers’ medium of education has affected 30 % on students’ achievement scores. Understanding language and power in the Solomon Islands: Methodological lessons for educational intervention. perspective of critical thinking. By employing qualitative design, eighteen teachers (12 females and 6 males) were selected through convenient sampling. The main and the important statement in the narratives of TEs about English language competency, job satisfaction and motivation were self-interest, self-efforts and hard work, which support to gain high competency, as the reality is that the majority of teachers hardly know how to speak English language, but the responsibility is given them to teach in it, ... Because, they concentrate more on translation and grammatical methods and aspects of language as compared to oral competency (Ghafoor, 1998), and they do not see any difference between the teaching of English and other subjects like Social Studies or History (Nawab, 2012). effectiveness? (1986). The one language—one nation ideology of language policy and national identity is no longer the only available one worldwide (if it ever was). The objective of the study was to know the effects of the training program on the primary school teachers. Or they enforce them to do jobs and works and make money. These, in turn, were portrayed as crucial for successful marriage negotiations and for agreeable post-marital relationships. English enjoys better academic value as well as better future prospects in comparison with Urdu. Paper presented at the CEL international seminar on English and Empowerment in the Developing World. improved social and health policies to reduce anxiety in the public. For this purpose, twenty students of grade III and twenty students of grade VI studying in a non-elite English medium school were purposely chosen as participants. people (t = − 2.709, p < .001), and unemployed people (t = − 3.199, p < 0.001) of the KPK in our classrooms, the Banking Model of teaching is being practiced where a student remains passive It demands much clarity if the role of a language in learning is to be acknowledged on the academic achievement grounds. non-native speaker teachers in Pakistan. In the light of findings, it was recommended that grammar should be taught inductively, students should be given substantial practice in listening and speaking, and teachers may employ different motivational strategies to increase students" interest in learning English language at schools. The control group was taught through teacher-centred traditional reading instruction, whereas the experimental group was taught through strategy-based reading instruction for eight weeks through 2-hour long weekly sessions. Ministry of Education. And the process of learning English language ruins. Language pedagogy needs to ensure that English is not learned subtractively. language education (pp. Motivation is often linked with conscious self, while desire is linked with emotional self. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. This edited collection draws on recent, emerging insights and understandings about the approaches to improving policy and practice in mathematics education and mathematics teacher education in multilingual settings. In Pakistan, the role of the English language is linked with language ideology due to the country’s British colonial background. This came as a common concern from the research student body of MS (Masters in Science) in a private university of Pakistan, in their informal discourses with the first writer, which penetrated this study. Most commentators argue that there have been deficient language policies, which ignored the realities of the context (Shamim, 2008). mediating impact on the relationship of the learning organization Moreover, there is a lack of research which promotes new ways to handle decision and gender disparity is also seen these problems that can't be overlooked, hence this topic is selected as a domain to work on and provide possible suggestions to overcome. There are many issues in education; some are general and are found across the globe, while others are specific to Pakistan. In relation to the likely future direction of policy change, and in considering particularly the viability of English as a teaching medium, I argue that descriptions of classroom practice are necessary to inform effective educational language planning and I draw attention to two interactional patterns which are salient in classrooms in both Botswana and Tanzania, namely the use of bilingual codeswitching and reliance on teacher-centred recitation routines. Karachi, Pakistan: Aga Khan University, Yet this, Assessment results from rural schools have shown little improvement in over a decade, mainly because many of the barriers to learning, such as poverty and limited resources, still prevail. The symbolic power of language and theories about the globalization of English including linguistic imperialism, world Englishes, and especially the sociolinguistics of English, are used as the theoretical framework for the study. The study concluded that classroom practices did not conform to the principles therefore, it proposed to ask questions and provide feedback appropriately. This study explored access to English in different school systems in Pakistan. Several studies have been conducted on first-year experience and challenges faced by students in adaptation to university culture globally. These perceptions may be based on reality or merely myths. Problems in Education of Pakistan. Due to this they cannot focus and try to speak the English language. ), Language of instruction in Tanzania and South Africa (pp. The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title. Patricia is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teaching candidate who receives an invitation to a conference on English language teaching to discuss These books view the subject differently by presenting a plethora of voices trying to liberalize themselves from the clutches of traditional methods of teaching. In addition, the curriculum development programmes, mostly conducted under the patronage of foreign funding agencies, were also not sustainable. English and employment in Pakistan (Unpublished summary report). knowledge necessary for socio-economic uplift in the contemporary world including Pakistan. Karachi, Pakistan: Aga Khan The findings also revealed inverse relation between the level of bilingual education and use of local language in the family domain. We aim to translate and validate FCV-19S into the Urdu language and to identify the socio-demographic associations with fear in the people of the KPK. It is argued that while policy decisions are driven mainly by global change forces, strategic planning for implementation that is informed by local conditions and exigencies is necessary for successful policy implementation. This sheds light on the linguistic comparability of the CEFR levels across L1 groups. The profound sense of economic hardship among these graduates was tempered by their optimism that their knowledge of English would eventually help them find employment or opportunities for further education. Learning the English language or any other education we required a proper syllabus for that. Nekatibeb, T. (2007). ... English, Urdu and Mathematics [39]. This allowed Bangladesh to achieve gender equality for educational access in both primary and secondary education. The attached desire with English language and its literature can have positive effect on students’ motivation to excel in their studies; however, unrealistic desires can harm students. 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