Enlightenment, French siècle des Lumières (literally “century of the Enlightened”), German Aufklärung, a European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries in which ideas concerning God, reason, nature, and humanity were synthesized into a worldview that gained wide assent in the West and that instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy, and politics. enlightened despotism synonyms, enlightened despotism pronunciation, enlightened despotism translation, English dictionary definition of enlightened despotism. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM? Enlightened Despots 2. Despot. An enlightened despot was a monarch during the 18th century who brought about political, religious, and social reforms that were considered of an enlightened nature. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Omissions? The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755: Representations and Reactions, Religion and Politics in Enlightenment Europe, enlighten (someone) on (someone or something), Enlightened Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Corrections? Supposedly an enlightened despot was a monarch who tried to adapt modern ideas into their rule. Enlightened absolutism (also called by later historians benevolent despotism or enlightened despotism) is a form of absolute monarchy or despotism in which rulers were influenced by the Enlightenment. Home. 2. Despot definition, a king or other ruler with absolute, unlimited power; autocrat. Whether it's Republicans and Democrats making deals in Congress, or Joseph and Pharaoh ruling Egypt in the Old Testament, the nature of politics and the needs of the state can often require an odd mix of characters. When Frederick II referred to himself as … General History European History North American History South American History Asian History Middle Eastern History African History History Periods History Themes History … Frederick was an enthusiast of French ideas. Enlightened Despotism 1. Definition: (underline) It is a form of absolute monarchy or despotism in which rulers were influenced by enlightenment 3. Related to despots: Enlightened despots DESPOT. The state had the primary responsibility for preparing the way for the golden age that, in the opinion of many intellectuals, awaited humankind. Enlightened despotism (enlightened absolutism) to the form of Government characteristic of continental Europe in the second half of the 18th century, although it shares with absolutism the exaltation of the State and the power of the sovereign, was enlivened by the ideals of progress, reform and philanthropy of the Enlightenment (especially on the right) is designated. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Frederick II, painting in the Castello di Miramare, Trieste, Italy. See more. The difference between a despot and an enlightened despot is based on a broad analysis of the degree to which they embraced the Age of Enlightenment . Megan Lee Per. An enlightened despot (also called benevolent despot) is an authoritarian leader who exercises his political power according to the principles of the Enlightenment. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Learn more. Definition: Enlightened Despotism Enlightened despotism and its equal, enlightened absolutism , are terms historians use to describe the policies of several eighteenth-century European monarchs. Among the most prominent enlightened despots were Frederick II (the Great), Peter I (the Great), Catherine II (the Great), Maria Theresa, Joseph II, and Leopold II. He believed that an enlightened monarchy was the only real way for society to advance. Synonyms. an enlightened despot (= one who tries to use his/her power in a good way); It is the story of a military coup which brings a brutal despot … … Such was the case in the 18th-century, when several monarchs of Central and Western Europe adopted and implemented ideals of the Enlig… ens 1. Enlightened despotism, form of government in the 18th century in which absolute monarchs, such as Catherine the Great and Leopold II, pursued legal, social, and educational reforms inspired by the Enlightenment. Enlightened despot They supported the philosophe's ideas, but they weren't willing to give up their power. Enlightened Despotism
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